Whig’s Defeat Quilt

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Description

Six full Whig’s Defeat blocks and three half blocks of yellow, red and green fabrics pieced and appliquéd onto white background.

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Six full Whig’s Defeat blocks and three half blocks of yellow, red and green fabrics pieced and appliquéd onto white background. Floral appliqué border of roses similar to those on Whig Rose quilts. All hand-sewn and hand-quilted. Green binding. Backing pieced from three sections of cream cotton.

The blocks used in this quilt top are known as Sunflower, Broken Circle and Indian Summer. After the defeat of the Whig party in the 1844 election, they were also called Whig’s Defeat. It is often pieced from red, white and blue fabric to emphasize the patriotic nature of the design. The appliqué floral border of roses is similar to those found on Whig Rose quilts.

Great skill was needed on the part of the person who assembled the quilt top. The yellow and red bands require a high degree of accuracy when piecing to ensure that the points of the diamonds are not lost. Similarly, the appliqué plumes must be applied carefully to retain their sharp shape. The quilt has been hand-sewn and hand-quilted. Unlike the intricate piecing, the quilting itself is uncomplicated: outline quilting is used around the coloured pieces, long diamond filler covers the white background and straight parallel lines (in groups of four) define the border. The binding is of plain green fabric and the backing has been pieced from three lengths of cream cotton.

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Dated

From 1844 (circa) to 1855 (circa)

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Materials

» cotton (textile)

Technique

» appliqué (technique)
» quilting
» hand sewing
» patchwork

Production place

» Tennessee

Collection

» Textile Collection

Dimensions

226x274cm

Object number

1999.154

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» Europeana
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